The WWF is run at a local level by the following offices...
- WWF Global
- Central African Republic
- Central America
- Democratic Republic of the Congo
- European Policy Office
LIVING PLANET REPORT 2020
There’s no time to waste. We must take action now if nature is going to recover.
THE LIVING PLANET INDEX
ASIA - PACIFICThe Asia-Pacific region is hugely diverse and has many unique ecosystems.
Species populations monitored in the Asia-Pacific region have steadily decreased on average since 1970. However, there have been some positive signs since 2010 with increases in a few species of reptiles and amphibians.Other species however have seen an average decline of 45%. Pollution is one of the main causes contributing to this decline.
EUROPE - CENTRAL ASIAThe Europe-Central Asia region has one of the highest consumption footprints of any of the region. It also exceeds its biocapacity - the natural supply of nature’s resources and services - by the largest amount.
However, the 24% average decline in populations here between 1970-2016 is smaller than any other region, partly thanks to successful conservation. However, it’s worth noting that this doesn’t mean things are ‘fine’ across the region - Eastern European populations in particular have not fared as well.
AFRICAThe region of Africa is very rich in biodiversity and is the only remaining region on earth to have significant numbers of large mammals. The goods and services that Africa’s biodiversity provide are important, not only for 62% of rural populations, but also for the rest of Africa and the world.
However, the data shows that abundance in the region has fallen by 65% on average between 1970 and 2016. Invasive species and disease pose a big threat, alongside overexploitation - particularly of fish and mammals; over 35% of the monitored populations for these two groups have declined.
LATIN AMERICA & THE CARIBBEANThe decline across Latin America and The Caribbean is far greater than that of any other observed region. This is due to a range of factors, including the conversion of grasslands, savannas, forests and wetlands, the overexploitation of species, climate change, and the introduction of alien species.
The biggest declines are among populations of fish, reptiles, amphibians. For freshwater fish this is mostly due to overexploitation, for reptiles it is also due to habitat loss and for amphibians disease is the biggest threat. In Panama for example, the chytrid fungus caused the extinction of 30 amphibian species.
NORTH AMERICAThe picture in North America, which has a huge amount and variety of flora and fauna, is more promising. After experiencing steady decline for several decades, things appear to have stabilised around the turn of the millennium. While the rate of decline is declining, we need continued monitoring to see whether the story is the same for all species.
WHY ARE WE LOSING NATURE?
For a long time, it was still possible to say “more science is needed” to understand how exactly human activities were harming the natural world. Not anymore.
We rely on freshwater for our survival but human activities are putting this vital resource under tremendous strain.
INSECTS, SOIL & PLANTS
Rhinos, polar bears and tigers may be the focus of most headlines about species loss, but did you know that many insects, plants and microscopic life forms are also facing extinction?
Thousands of species of plants, animals, fungi and microorganisms are used for food. A vast range of others are essential to food production – ranging from pollinators that enable crop reproduction to microorganisms that enrich soils.
Almost all aspects of human health depend on a thriving natural world. But if biodiversity loss continues at the current rate, the health and well-being of many will only get worse.
Almost all of our economic activity relies on nature. If we don’t tackle the nature loss crisis, we risk huge disruption to the world’s economies and harm to the lives and livelihoods of many millions.
REVERSING NATURE LOSS
Cutting-edge modelling shows that the world could start to stabilize and reverse the loss of nature as early as 2030.
NATURE BASED SOLUTIONS
We often think that technology will provide all the answers we need to the nature loss and climate crises. While this is sometimes the case, nature itself can provide many of the solutions we need.