Rare Dugong saved in Maliangin Community Marine Sanctuary
The dugong found is a female juvenile measuring 1.5 metres of undermined sex. This marine mammal is an endangered and protected species which is rarely seen these days, but sightings of it were common in the past within the proposed Tun Mustapha Park. Pulau Maliangin Kecil is confirmed as a feeding ground for dugongs according to Leela Rajamani, dugong researcher, from the Borneo Marine Research Institute of Universiti Malaysia Sabah.
The discovery of the dugong further emphasises the importance of protecting areas within the proposed Tun Mustapha Park, including the Maliangin area which is currently being established in collaboration with local communities. Maliangin Santuary is a marine protected area pilot site proposed in August 2006 by the local community on Pulau Maliangin Besar, Department of Fisheries, Sabah and Sabah Parks. It aims to demonstrate these benefits of a marine protected area:
i. Improvement in fish and other seafood stocks,
ii. How collaborative management works to preserve marine resources,
iii. Protection and improvement of marine biodiversity in the area, and
iv. Improvement in the socio-economic status of the local community.
Robecca Jumin, Sulu-Sulawesi Marine Ecoregion (SSME) Programme Team Leader in Kudat, said “It is very encouraging that the local community reacted promptly by doing the right thing to inform the relevant authorities and help to release the dugong. It shows they are aware of the importance of protecting endangered species, such as the dugong, and that they believe in the benefits of a marine sanctuary. We hope they will continue to support the gazettement of the proposed Tun Mustapha Park so that they can reap the economic benefits of conserving biodiversity through collaborative management of marine resources.”
WWF-Malaysia is working with Sabah Parks and others to facilitate a collaborative management plan for the proposed Tun Mustapha Park in the Kudat-Banggi area. This type of collaborative management allows resource users and the management agencies, such as Sabah Parks, Sabah Wildlife Department, Department of Fisheries, Sabah, to work hand-in-hand in the conservation of species and natural resources.
“Participatory and collaborative management arrangement is beneficial”, says Dr. Rahimatsah Amat, WWF-Malaysia Chief Technical Officer, Borneo Programme. Resource users provide extra hands that the governmental agencies lack and reduce governmental agencies’ operational costs. Management of this kind or environmental stewardship, has proven to be more effective, when resource users are given the responsibility to take care of resources that their subsistence or livelihoods depend upon.
WWF-Malaysia SSME Programme is currently implementing a project in Kudat to facilitate collaborative management of fisheries and marine resources among the stakeholders, the governmental agencies and district offices. Together with Sabah Parks, Department of Fisheries, the Fishing Boat-owners Association, teachers, and Kudat District Office, the Kudat Priority Conservation Area (PCA) Team works on building support for the proposed multiple-use Tun Mustapha Park.
WWF-Malaysia: WWF-Malaysia is a national conservation trust that currently runs more than 75 projects covering a diverse range of environmental protection and nature conservation work in Malaysia. Since 1972, WWF-Malaysia has worked on important conservation projects, from saving endangered species such as tigers and turtles, to protecting our highland forests, rivers and seas. WWF-Malaysia is able to leverage upon conservation expertise worldwide as part of WWF, the global conservation organization.