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  • Declaración de WWF sobre el CPR (Conservación, Protección y Recuperación) de la vaquita

    La vaquita, Phocoena Sinus, el mamífero marino más amenazado del mundo. © Chris JohnsonEl 12 de octubre el Gobierno de México, con el apoyo de expertos y científicos internacionales, iniciará un esfuerzo sin precedentes para salvar a la vaquita, el mamífero marino más amenazado del mundo. El proyecto, conocido como CPR (Conservación, Protección y Recuperación), busca rescatar a las vaquitas que quedan y reubicarlas temporalmente en un santuario marino en el Alto Golfo de California. El objetivo final es que una vez que haya sido eliminada la principal amenaza para su supervivencia –las redes de enmalle- estos cetáceos regresen a su hábitat natural.

    WWF apoya al CPR como una estrategia audaz y necesaria, que forma parte de esfuerzos más amplios de conservación para salvar a esta especie, cuya población ha descendido a menos de 30 individuos. "Aunque el CPR enfrenta mucha incertidumbre y es altamente riesgoso, WWF reconoce que es una acción necesaria para salvar a la vaquita de la extinción", dijo Jorge Rickards, Director General de WWF México. "WWF apoya al CPR con el único objetivo de regresar a una población saludable de vaquitas a su entorno natural y, por lo tanto, nuestro principal interés es asegurar un Alto Golfo de California sano y libre de redes de enmalle, en el que la vida silvestre y las comunidades locales puedan prosperar. Tenemos la esperanza de que juntos veamos resultados exitosos tanto en el CPR como en los esfuerzos de conservación en el hábitat de la vaquita".

    WWF no participará en las actividades del CPR, que incluyen la captura y reubicación de la especie, pues estas labores no forman parte de su área de especialización. Sin embargo continuará apoyando tareas que benefician de forma directa al CPR y a la vaquita en vida silvestre, incluyendo:

    1. El monitoreo acústico, crucial para ayudar a localizar a las vaquitas que quedan. Desde 2012, WWF ha apoyado este monitoreo que ha sido operado por el Instituto Nacional de Ecología y Cambio Climático de México (INECC) para ayudar a estimar la población de esta especie y es esencial para medir la efectividad de los esfuerzos de conservación de la vaquita.
    2. WWF seguirá participando en el retiro de redes fantasma o abandonadas, muchas de ellas ilegales, que se desplazan sin rumbo fijo y atrapan y matan a vaquitas y a otras especies marinas. Como parte de este esfuerzo, WWF está apoyando el uso de un sonar de barrido que contribuye a detectar más eficientemente las redes fantasma, a fin de asegurar un ambiente libre de redes de enmalle para las vaquitas y los delfines de la Marina de los Estados Unidos que ayudarán a ubicarlas.

    Tanto el monitoreo acústico como el retiro de redes se llevan a cabo con la ayuda y experiencia de pescadores locales.

    Notas para los editores:
    WWF es una de las organizaciones independientes de conservación más grandes y con mayor experiencia en el mundo. WWF nació en 1961 y es conocida por el símbolo del Panda. Actualmente, cuenta con una red mundial que trabaja en más de 100 países. Para saber más de WWF visite: www.wwf.org.mx y www.panda.org

    Para mayor información por favor contactar a:
    Jatziri Perez, WWF México, +52 (55) 26 99 05 91, jperez@wwfmex.org
    Monica Echeverria, WWF Estados Unidos, +1 (202) 495 4626, monica.echeverria@wwfus.org
    Scott Edwards, WWF Internacional, +44 7887 954116, sedwards@wwfint.org

  • Artificial nests aim to increase Shy Albatross breeding success

    A pair of shy albatrosses (Thalassarche cauta) reunite for the breeding season and engage in courtship rituals, Albatross Island, June 2017. © © Matthew Newton / WWF-AusSpecially built mudbrick and aerated concrete artificial nests, airlifted on to Bass Strait's Albatross Island in a trial program aimed at increasing the breeding success of the Tasmanian Shy Albatross, appear to have been accepted by the vulnerable sea-birds, early monitoring is showing.      
     
    A co-operative effort – which brought together wildlife and funding partners from WWF-Australia with support from the WWF-US Wildlife Adaptation Innovation Fund, the Tasmanian and Australian Governments, CSIRO Marine Climate Impact and the Tasmanian Albatross Fund – saw an air and sea operation that installed 120 of the pre-constructed nests on to the island.
      
    Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment Wildlife Biologist Rachael Alderman said the first post-installation monitoring trip this week has shown that most of the artificial nests are being used by the birds.
     
    "This is fantastic to see as the operation was several years in the planning from developing the idea, testing a small number of proto-types, and refining and expanding to this larger study that will enable evaluation of whether this approach can provide a boost to the population.
     
    "Albatross lay a single egg each year and they invest enormous energy into incubating the egg and raising the chick. On average, over half the attempts will fail, and one of many factors in this is the nest quality," Dr Alderman said.
     
    "Their nests range from a barest scrape on the rocks to a high sculptured pottery-like pedestal. Monitoring data shows that pairs breeding on high quality nests have higher breeding success than those on poorer quality nests.
     
    "This trial is based on the simple theory that if ready-made high-quality nests are put in areas where nests are typically of lower quality we increase the chances of albatross pairs successfully raising a chick."
     
    Acting Threatened Species Commissioner Sebastian Lang said the Tasmanian Shy Albatross was identified by the Australian Government, through the Threatened Species Prospectus, as an important species in need of action and strong partnerships to assist its survival.
     
    "The species is nationally listed as Vulnerable, but is still relatively abundant. We are acting early and working co-operatively to understand the threats to its survival, and trial and implement on-ground actions to address these threats," he said.
     
    WWF-Australia's Head of Living Ecosystems Darren Grover said with breeding success key to maintaining viable populations, the nests were seen as an important measure.
     
    "If good quality, artificial nests help more chicks survive until they are big enough to fly then over time that could make a real difference to the population," he said.
     
    "After several proto-types, the team developed an artificial nest that mimics a good quality real nest.
     
    Mr Grover said nest installation was timed to maximise acceptance by the birds.
     
    "Researchers positioned the artificial nests just as the birds were starting to stake out nest sites and begin construction. Although it is still very early days it's encouraging to see some birds starting to utilise the artificial nests," he said.
     
    "We're hoping to see many eggs hatch and many chicks survive on artificial nests," Mr Grover said.
     
    Dr Alderman, who has been monitoring the population for nearly 15 years, said with the Tasmanian Shy Albatross only breeding at three offshore islands near Tasmania, the species was particularly vulnerable to impacts such as climate change.
     
    "Already some impacts are being seen with fewer chicks produced in years of higher temperatures or increased rainfall – also there is evidence of birds spending longer periods at time at sea obtaining food," Dr Alderman said.
     
    "While some species can physically relocate to more favourable environments or adapt in other ways, the biology of albatross make them particularly vulnerable to rapid negative changes. Their low reproductive output and innate compulsion to return to the same colony each year, restricts their ability to move to more favourable environments.
     
    "Unprecedented changes in the marine and breeding environments have already been documented and we know that climate change is here to stay. We need to be developing strategies now if we want to ensure our most susceptible species persist in the future".
     

    For more information, please contact:
     
     Mark Symmons | WWF Australia |  Mark Symmons | 07 3103 6935 | 0400 985 571

    About WWF
    WWF is one of the world's largest and most respected independent conservation organizations, with over 5 million supporters and a global network active in over 100 countries. WWF's mission is to stop the degradation of the Earth's natural environment and to build a future in which humans live in harmony with nature, by conserving the world's biological diversity, ensuring that the use of renewable natural resources is sustainable, and promoting the reduction of pollution and wasteful consumption. Visit www.panda.org/news for latest news and media resources and follow us on Twitter @WWF_media.
     
     

  • French-led Global Pact for the Environment opportunity to strengthen momentum on climate action

    France is leading an initiative to create a global pact for the environment. © WWF

    NEW YORK (19 September 2017) – As climate change, biodiversity loss and environmental degradation continue to impact the wellbeing of millions worldwide, the Global Pact for the Environment, presented by French President Emmanuel Macron at the UN General Assembly today, should enjoy the support of all world leaders, urges WWF.

    The initiative, first announced at a conference in Paris in June, offers a high-level platform to not only maintain the global momentum on climate action but further enhance the world's environmental ambitions.

    WWF International Director General Marco Lambertini said: "In the past years, UN member states have made history towards a sustainable future, embracing the Sustainable Development Goals which assert a total interdependency between the environment, society and economy, and committing unequivocally to fight climate change. But now is not the time to be complacent. The science is showing us we need to do more to bend the curves of global warming and nature loss – and fast. WWF urges member states to support the global pact for the environment and take a step forward toward ensuring the right to a safe, clean, healthy and sustainable environment for all. We need to do more on climate as well as bring the loss of nature higher in the political and development debate. There will be no chance to meet the ambition of the SDGs in a destabilized climate and degraded natural environment."
     

    Manuel Pulgar-Vidal, leader of WWF's global Climate & Energy Practice said:"Never was the time more opportune to support a global pact for the environment. We face incontrovertible evidence of the loss of biodiversity, weakening nature's ability to provide the services on which human survival and wellbeing depends. And we need to do this by 2020, when there will be a convergence of milestones associated with important global instruments such as the Aichi biodiversity targets, the Sustainable Development Goals and the global Paris climate agreement, which can become a tipping point for real change. The global pact can and should serve as a platform from which to build a strong collective global vision that aligns each of these global milestones."

    ---ends---

    For further information, contact Mandy Jean Woods mwoods@wwfint.org.