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  • Estudio sostiene que el manejo forestal sostenible puede ayudar a preservar la vida silvestre

    Rana Peruana Amazónica © WWF-UK23 de julio de 2019--  La investigación publicada en Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation, y realizada en la provincia de Tahuamanu en la región de Madre de Dios en Perú, evaluó el impacto sobre la biodiversidad del manejo forestal certificado por el Consejo de Administración Forestal (FSC, por sus siglas en inglés). Los hallazgos revelan que las concesiones certificadas por el FSC tienen una mayor riqueza de especies como anfibios, insectos y monos, que las concesiones de tala no certificadas por el FSC, y que la composición de las especies en los sitios certificados es similar a las áreas forestales no perturbadas, en comparación con la presente en sitios de extracción de madera no certificados.
     
    Actualmente, casi un tercio del área de bosque tropical está destinado a la producción de madera. La tala comercial mal conducida en bosques tropicales puede degradar los ecosistemas y fragmentar los hábitats, amenazando la biodiversidad, como es el caso de la Amazonía, que se ve afectada significativamente por la pérdida de hábitat, principalmente a causa de la deforestación y la degradación de los bosques. Sin embargo, cuando la tala se maneja de manera responsable tiene el potencial de respaldar los medios de vida locales y el desarrollo económico y simultáneamente conservar la biodiversidad y otros servicios vitales que proporcionan los bosques.
     
    "El cambio climático y la pérdida de biodiversidad representan dos de las mayores amenazas para la humanidad. Frente a estos crecientes riesgos necesitamos soluciones que reviertan el declive de la naturaleza al tiempo que brinden oportunidades económicas", señaló William Baldwin-Cantello, Líder de la Práctica de Bosques de WWF. "Esta investigación nos muestra que es posible combinar la producción forestal con la conservación de la biodiversidad, si se hace de la manera correcta y en los lugares adecuados." 
     
    Esta investigación analizó el impacto del manejo de los bosques naturales sobre la biodiversidad local dentro de las concesiones de aprovechamiento usando tecnologías de monitoreo acústico. El equipo de investigación registró cientos de muestras de audio de aves, insectos, anfibios y monos en tres grandes concesiones, dos de ellas contaban con certificación FSC y una sin certificación FSC.
     
    Los resultados son sorprendentes. Se registró una mayor cantidad y variedad de sonidos durante la investigación en los sitios certificados FSC en comparación con los hallazgos en las concesiones sin FSC, lo que indica una mayor riqueza de especies acústicamente activas, como los anfibios, insectos y monos. Los sitios FSC registrados también compartieron una mayor similitud en la composición de especies con áreas no perturbadas en comparación con los sitios que no son FSC.
     
    Esta nueva investigación complementa un estudio anterior, que analizó que las densidades de animales grandes y medianos, incluidos los jaguares y pumas, en las concesiones de tala certificadas por el FSC eran similares o incluso mayores que en las áreas protegidas, con poblaciones saludables de mamíferos grandes y medianos.
     
    "Las tecnologías innovadoras y costo-eficientes como el análisis acústico de sonido, permiten el monitoreo a gran escala de la biodiversidad incluso en bosques relativamente inaccesibles", mencionó José Luis Mena, Director Científico de WWF Perú. "Sin embargo, los resultados en Perú no se aplican necesariamente a otras realidades, porque el impacto de la certificación varía según el ecosistema forestal, las prácticas de tala, el gobierno forestal y otros factores sociales y ecológicos. Necesitamos entender mejor los impactos en diferentes ecosistemas, regiones y regímenes de manejo forestal para estar seguros de dónde y cómo la certificación de manejo forestal puede ser más efectiva. Se necesita urgentemente realizar mayor monitoreo a largo plazo de la biodiversidad e investigación científica para desarrollar soluciones que funcionen tanto para las personas como para la vida silvestre."

    Un documento de monitoreo de la biodiversidad publicado este año en Science subraya la utilidad de la bioacústica para grabar, monitorear y registrar sonidos ambientales, como animales, insectos y actividad humana, y para proporcionar los datos necesarios para una conservación más efectiva.
     
    Esta iniciativa fue realizada gracias al apoyo de HP.
     
     
    Descubre los sonidos e imágenes de la selva visitando:
    http://peruamazon.panda.org/es/

  • 27 companies with combined market cap of $1.2 trillion step up to new level of climate ambition

    Increasingly, companies are aligning their emissions reduction targets to the Paris Agreements' 1.5 degrees Celsius target. © Shutterstock

    Ahead of the UN Climate Action Summit, companies commit to set 1.5°C climate targets aligned with a net-zero future, challenging Governments to match their ambition

    UNITED NATIONS, New York, 23 July 2019 — Twenty-seven companies with a total market capitalization of $1.2 trillion are stepping up to set a new level of climate ambition in response to a call-to-action campaign ahead of the UN Climate Action Summit on 23 September.

    The companies have committed themselves to more ambitious climate targets aligned with limiting global temperature rise to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels and reaching net-zero emissions by no later than 2050.

    First movers include Acciona, AstraZeneca, Banka BioLoo, BT, Dalmia Cement Ltd., Eco-Steel Africa Ltd., Enel, Iberdrola, KLP, Levi Strauss & Co., Mahindra Group, Natura &Co, Novozymes, Royal DSM, SAP, Signify, Singtel, Telefonica, Telia, Unilever, Vodafone Group PLC and Zurich Insurance, amongst others, collectively representing over one million employees from 15 sectors and more than 15 countries.

    Of the 27 companies, BT, Levi Strauss & Co. and SAP already have 1.5°C-aligned reduction targets covering greenhouse gas emissions from their operations.

    "Climate leadership has never been more important than it is right now, and it is inspiring to see so many diverse companies and brands boldly raising their ambitions," said Lise Kingo, CEO and Executive Director of the UN Global Compact. "Leading companies are already proving that 1.5°C-compliant climate targets are possible, and I encourage all businesses to seize this opportunity to position themselves at the forefront of this movement and contribute to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals."

    The commitments of the 27 companies heed the most recent report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which warned of catastrophic consequences should global warming exceed 1.5°C.

    "The UN Secretary-General has called on leaders to come to the Climate Action Summit in September with clear plans for major cuts to emissions on the pathway to a zero-net emissions economy by 2050," said Ambassador Luis Alfonso de Alba, the UN Secretary-General's Special Envoy for the Climate Action Summit. "It is very encouraging to see these climate leaders in the global business community taking action, both to help tackle the climate emergency and because taking climate action presents huge opportunities for early movers. By sending strong market signals, these companies are showing Governments that they need to urgently ramp up their national plans in line with the latest climate science."

    Building a prosperous, net-zero carbon economy by 2050 requires both business leadership and ambitious Government policies. By setting policies and targets in line with a 1.5°C trajectory, Governments give business the clarity and confidence to invest decisively in the zero-carbon economies of the future.

    The companies raising the bar for corporate climate ambition are committed to setting science-based targets through the Science Based Targets initiative (SBTi), which independently assesses corporate emissions reduction targets against the latest climate science. To date, 600 of the world's largest businesses are setting science-based greenhouse gas emissions reduction targets aligned with the Paris Agreement. In April 2019, the SBTi released new target validation resources to enable companies to set targets consistent with 1.5°C.

    "The science is clear: To limit the catastrophic impacts of climate change, we must ensure warming does not exceed 1.5°C. The ambition is high, but it's achievable — and science-based targets give companies a roadmap for getting there," said Paul Simpson, SBTi Board Member and CEO of CDP. "We urge all companies to seize this chance to align their business with a 1.5°C future and drive forward the transition to a net-zero carbon economy."

    The historic call-to-action issued in June came in the form of an open letter addressed to business leaders and signed by 25 global leaders, including María Fernanda Espinosa Garcés, President of the UN General Assembly, Lise Kingo, CEO and Executive Director of the UN Global Compact, Patricia Espinosa, Executive Secretary of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, Christiana Figueres, Co-Founder of Global Optimism, John Denton, Secretary-General of the International Chamber of Commerce, and SDG Advocate Paul Polman, Co-Founder of IMAGINE.

    Ambitious CEOs who commit their companies to a 1.5°C trajectory in support of a net-zero future will be recognized at the UN Global Compact's Private Sector Forum as part of the UN Climate Action Summit on 23 September.

    To learn more about the Business Ambition for 1.5°C — Our Only Future campaign, please visit: unglobalcompact.org/OurOnlyFuture

    To see the full list of companies, visit: https://www.unglobalcompact.org/take-action/events/climate-action-summit-2019/business-ambition/business-leaders-taking-action

    For further information contact: Mandy Jean Woods mwoods@wwfint.org 

  • Research finds responsible forest management in the Peruvian Amazon can help preserve wildlife

    Blue and yellow macaw (Ara ararauna); Madre de Dios, Peru © Olga Sheean / WWFLow-impact logging practices in commercial tropical forests can contribute to wildlife protection and complement protected areas to provide habitat for many species in the Amazon, according to new research published in Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation

    The research, conducted in Tahuamanu Province, Madre de Dios region in Peru, evaluated the impact of Forest Stewardship Council (FSC)-certified forest management on biodiversity. The findings reveal that FSC-certified concessions have a greater richness of species such as amphibians, insects and monkeys than non-FSC certified logging concessions, and that the make-up of species in FSC-certified sites is more similar to undisturbed forest areas than non-certified logging sites.

    Nearly one-third of tropical forest area globally is designated for timber production. Commercial logging in tropical forests, if poorly conducted, can degrade ecosystems and fragment habitats, threatening biodiversity, such as in the Amazon, which is significantly impacted by habitat loss, including deforestation and forest degradation. However, when logging is responsibly managed, it has the potential to support local livelihoods and economic development while conserving biodiversity and the other vital services that forests provide. 

    "Climate change and biodiversity loss pose two of the biggest threats to humanity today. In the face of these increasing risks, we need solutions that reverse the decline of nature while also providing economic opportunities," says William Baldwin-Cantello, WWF Forest Practice Lead. "This research shows us that it is possible to combine production forestry with biodiversity conservation if done in the right way and in the right places."

    The research analyzed the impact of natural forest management on local biodiversity within the logging concessions using acoustic technologies. The research team recorded hundreds of audio samples of birds, insects, amphibians and monkeys in three large industrial concessions, two FSC and one non-FSC certified.  
    A greater quantity and variety of sounds was recorded during the research in the FSC sites when compared to that recorded in the non-FSC concession, indicating a greater richness of acoustically active species, such as amphibians, insects and monkeys. Logged FSC sites also shared more similarity in species composition with undisturbed areas compared to non-FSC sites.

    This new research complements an earlier study which found that densities of large and medium-sized animals, including jaguars and pumas, in FSC-certified logging concessions were similar or even higher than in protected areas, with healthy populations of large and medium-sized mammals. 

    "Advanced, cost-effective technologies such as acoustic analysis allow for large-scale monitoring of biodiversity even in relatively inaccessible forests," said José Luis Mena, Scientific Director at WWF-Peru. "However, the results in Peru do not necessarily or automatically apply elsewhere because the impact of certification varies depending on the forest ecosystem, logging practices, forest governance, and other social and ecological factors. We need to better understand the impacts, including on different ecosystems, regions and different forest management regimes to be sure where and how forest management certification can be most effective. More long-term biodiversity monitoring and scientific research is urgently needed to develop solutions that work for both people and wildlife."

    A biodiversity monitoring paper published in Science earlier this year underscores the usefulness of bioacoustics to record, monitor and log background sounds - like animals, insects and human activity - and to provide data needed for more effective conservation. 

    For more information, contact:
    Huma Khan, Communications Manager, WWF Forest Practice email:  huma.khan@wwfint.org
    Claudia Coronado, Communications Manager, WWF Peru email: claudia.coronado@wwfperu.org