Basis Bay | WWF Malaysia

Basis Bay



Borneo elephants (Elephas maximus borneensis) are only found in the north-eastern part of the island of Borneo, astride the international boundary between Malaysian Sabah and Indonesian East Kalimantan. In Sabah itself, they are found in forested areas in the south, centre and east of the State. They prefer low-lying areas where movement is relatively easy, and generally avoid steep slopes. Forests near rivers, with open areas for feeding as well as secluded areas where they can retreat during the day, are generally preferred.

It is estimated that there are somewhere between 1,200 to 3,600 of this Borneo elephants left and there is a risk of it becoming extinct due to conversion of natural forest into agriculture and mono tree plantations which will result in an increased rate of human-elephant conflict. Unsustainable logging of forests leads to degradation of forests which may cause reduction of diversity and density of elephants food sources and shelter. Illegal hunting and poaching for ivory trade are potential future threats. Forest fire and infrastructure development can result in loss of habitat for elephants and thus add to the threat to these gentle giants.

Basis Bay’s sponsorship is timely to determine the elephant ranging patterns within the high human-elephant conflict area of southeastern Sabah through satellite-based tracking. Such information is very valuable in designing better landuse patterns in the area of interest, so as to reduce future conflict and to keep the elephant habitats connected and the elephants ranging over large areas and remain in the area for perpetuity.. This will mean better protection for Borneo’s elephants and a reduction in incidences of human-elephant conflict.
 
	© WWF-Malaysia
Basis Bay
© WWF-Malaysia