The Malayan Tiger
In 2010, at the Tiger Summit in St Petersburg, Malaysia and the 12 other tiger range countries committed to the most ambitious and visionary species conservation goal ever set: TX2 – to double wild tiger numbers by 2022, the next year of the tiger.
WWF-Malaysia has a long history of tiger conservation and is proud to be an essential part of TX2 through its Malayan Tiger Conservation Project.
There are six remaining living sub-species of tiger:
Amur tiger (P. t. altaica)
Bengal tiger (P. t. tigris)
Indo-Chinese tiger (P. t. corbetti)
Malayan tiger (P. t. jacksoni)
South China tiger (P. t. amoyensis)
Sumatran tiger (P. t. sumatrae)
Physical and species description
The tigers’ stripes are like finger prints; no two tigers have the same stripe pattern. With round pupils and yellow irises, the night vision of tigers is six times better than that of humans. Coupled with their short heavily muscled forelegs and long, sharp, retractable claws, this makes them the ultimate predator. The mark of the Chinese character Wang (meaning king) sits on their forehead. Predominately solitary except for maternal bonding and during mating, tigers occupy territories that they defend against same-sex intruders. These carnivorous mammals instinctively avoid human beings and will only attack people if they are provoked, injured or unable to hunt for their usual food.
There are probably more tigers on the shelves of pharmacies and medicine stores than in forests, as tigers are widely hunted and every single part of their bodies is dissected for use in traditional Asian medicine. Tiger bones, believed to contain high medicinal properties, are popular on the black market in Asia. However, there is no scientific basis to prove this claim.
The Malayan Tiger
The Malayan tiger is listed as Endangered under the IUCN Red List and is Totally Protected under Malaysia’s Wildlife Conservation Act 2010, in which offenders can be fined up to RM500,000 and incur a mandatory jail sentence. It is also listed on Appendix I of CITES (species threatened with extinction), in which trade is prohibited except in exceptional circumstances (e.g. zoos are allowed to undergo the trading process under certain conditions).