Keeping network of lowland forests intact within managed natural forests
In terms of food supply, Borneo Pygmy elephants thrive in logged forest due to more food abundance. There is no need to establish new “totally protected areas” to save the elephants, but critical areas for elephants within the Forest Management Units need to be identified and secured. Measures need to be put in place to keep timber production forests under long-term sustainable natural forest management.
There must be strong support to retain the whole elephant range under managed natural forests, with long-term licenses and sustainable forest management plans. Significant emerging issues are possibilities of conversion of natural forests to plantations. If conversion of forest to oil palm or industrial tree plantations is inevitable, areas with low or no usage by elephants should be chosen for this purpose.