- TMP is not only a treasure trove for marine life but also owns a rich cultural heritage unique to Malaysia.
- There are diverse ethnic groups of seafarers and coastal communities comprised of Bajau, Ubian, Suluk, Bajau Laut, Cagayan and Sungai peoples.
- Inland traditional farmers also make up the unique fabric of TMP society such as the Rungus, Kimaragang, Tambanua, Sonsogon, Murut and Kadazandusun peoples.
- The Bonggi (also known as Dusun Bonggi) are unique islanders from the TMP area.
Organised women groups from the Maliangin islands produce distinctive handicrafts; the Pandanus
mats and accessories they weave are inspired by their beautiful landscape.